According to a recent United Nations report, the global agricultural output is currently unable to meet anticipated international demand. Food supply concerns have been a hot topic in recent months. Major global figures, including former President Bill Clinton, have warned world leaders that food insecurity will be one of the major issues facing the world in the future. Recent political developments, such as the revolution in Egypt which was partly caused by food insecurity, have also hammered home the importance of guaranteeing food security around the world.
As the global population expands (current estimates predict that it will reach over nine billion by 2050) current agricultural land and yields will not be able to keep up with food demands. The increased population will be a largely urban one, with an estimated 70% leaving in urban centers, up from 50% today. As a result of these demographic trends, agricultural production will have to rely on intensification to feed the global community.
Investing in environmentally friendly agricultural production is one way that officials hope to create a long-term, sustainable agricultural system. According to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, environmentally friendly agriculture will reduce stress on natural resources, particularly increasingly scarce water resources. Encouraging more green agriculture could help lower water demand by 30% and could lower energy costs by 60%. Water and energy costs are two of the largest hurdles faced by most agricultural producers.
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Written by: Justin Ellison / Farm Plus Staff Writer