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What To Consider When Choosing the Perfect Vineyard Location

Wine grapes can grow in a surprising range of locations, but they still require specific climates, soil types, and other features. Understanding how your land affects the growth of your vines is a crucial part of finding success for your vineyard. Before you invest in new property, make sure you’re familiar with these things to consider when choosing the perfect vineyard location.

Elevation and Slope

Elevation and slope affect the air temperature on your land. Cold air is heavier than warm air, which means it settles lower to the ground. Planting your grapes at a higher elevation—without leaving the necessary climate zone—means planting in warmer air. Slopes in the land will cause colder air to drain away from the higher elevation, creating a warmer setting for your vines to thrive.

Slopes also allow water to drain to the lower parts of your property. This prevents standing water that can limit airflow to the roots of the vine and damage your crop. However, you should avoid steep slopes that can cause problems for machinery and increase the risk of soil erosion.

Climate Type

There are many different grape varieties, including cold-hardy grapes that can survive in cooler climates. As such, it’s important to tailor your climate requirements to the specific grape variety you want to grow. There are still a few universal guidelines you can look for no matter where your vineyard is, though. These include the warmth of the growing season and the harshness of the off-season.

You want warm temperatures in summer to promote better growth and a better harvest. In the winter, you want moderate temperatures to keep the dormant vines safe until the next season. Paying attention to frost is important, too. If you experience frost after bud break—which can happen early if there are warm spells in mid- to late-winter—it can cause cold damage to the vines.

Crop and Soil History

The crop history of your land is also its soil history, and both are crucial considerations to make when choosing the perfect vineyard location. Learning about what crops were on the land in the past helps you understand any soil modifications, past pests and diseases, chemical usage, and other key information that affects the health of your vines.

For example, some woody plants like shrubs or oak trees can leave lingering fungal root diseases in the soil, leading to root rot for your vines. Excess nitrogen or aluminum toxicity can also be ruinous for a new vineyard. Researching the crop and soil history of a piece of land helps ensure it offers a safe and healthy foundation for your operation.

Are you ready to purchase new land for your vineyard? Find the funding you need with the competitive vineyard loans available at Farm Plus Financial. Work with our team today to find the best financing solution for your growing business.